Decaffeinated coffee may improve brain energy metabolism associated with type 2 diabetes. This brain dysfunction is a known risk factor for dementia and other neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s disease.
Type 2 diabetes
Obesity :: Ethnic differences seen in extremely obese children
Marked ethnic differences in the rates of extreme childhood obesity in New Zealand have emerged in a nationwide survey headed by University of Otago researchers.
Obesity :: Body-weight regulation scientists give perspective on obesity-related research
When obesity overloads the body with excess nutrients, parts start to fail. Obesity contributes to heart disease, stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, some cancers, liver disease, immune dysfunction, painful joints, and a host of other problems. With so many parts of the body affected, studies of the health effects of obesity that concentrate on one body organ or system may overlook common underlying events occurring at the cellular level throughout the body.
Diabetes :: European Medicine Agency confirms positive Avandia benefit risk assessment
GlaxoSmithKline confirms that the EMEA’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use(CHMP) has completed its benefit risk review of the Thiazolidinediones (TZD) class and have concluded that the benefits of rosiglitazone continue to outweigh the risks.
Genome :: Consortium Publishes Phase II Map of Human Genetic Variation
The International HapMap Consortium today published analyses of its second-generation map of human genetic variation, which contains three times more markers than the initial version unveiled in 2005. In two papers in the journal Nature, the consortium describes how the higher resolution map offers greater power to detect genetic variants involved in common diseases, explore the structure of human genetic variation and learn how environmental factors, such as infectious agents, have shaped the human genome.
Pancreatitis :: Diabetes drug Byetta, exenatide may cause acute pancreatitis
FDA has reviewed 30 postmarketing reports of acute pancreatitis in patients taking Byetta (exenatide), a drug used to treat adults with type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes :: PGC-1-alpha helps skeletal muscle and pancreatic islets communicate
Some individuals with type 2 diabetes (which is characterized by abnormally high blood glucose levels) have lower than normal amounts of the protein PGC-1-alpha in their skeletal muscles, but it is not known whether this has a role in the onset of diabetes or if it is caused by the diabetes.
Nutrition :: ACTNOW BC Nutrition campaign launched
A new campaign encouraging British Columbians to eat “just one more” fruit and veggie serving was launched today at Granville Island Market by Gordon Hogg, Minister of State for ActNow BC.
Blood Pressure :: Women with high or increasing blood pressure are up to three times more likely to develop diabetes
One of the largest studies to investigate the relationship between blood pressure and type 2 diabetes has found that women who have high blood pressure levels are three times more likely to develop diabetes than women with low blood pressure levels. This effect was independent of body mass index and other conditions that are known to predispose people to cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
Exercise :: Moderate activity is more beneficial than vigorous exercise
British adults now believe that moderate activity is more beneficial than vigorous exercise, according to new research by the University of Exeter and Brunel University. Although most large studies show that the greatest health benefits are derived from regular participation in vigorous activities, such as jogging and competitive sports, 56% of men and 71% of women now believe moderate activities, like walking, are most beneficial.