Osteoporosis :: 5 Steps to Bone Health

Osteoporosis is a disease of bone in which the amount of bone is decreased and the strength of trabecular bone is reduced, cortical bone becomes thin and bones are susceptible to fracture. It is defined according to the bone mineral density (BMD) as measured by DEXA: a BMD of 2.5 standard deviations below the peak bone mass (20 year old person standard) is considered osteoporosis. While treatment modalities are becoming available, prevention is still the most important way to reduce fracture.

1. Get your daily recommended amounts of calcium and vitamin D.

2. Engage in regular weight-bearing exercise.

3. Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol.

4. Talk to your doctor about bone health.

5. Have a bone density test and take medication when appropriate.

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