Rift Valley Fever :: Rift Valley Fever spreading in Kenya

Kenya health officials are trying to stop the spread of Rift Valley Fever, which has killed more than 600 people. In Northern Kenya it killed 478 people, and 148 through out the nation.

After more than a month of ferocity in Northern Kenya where it killed 478 people and infected 33,00, Rift Valley Fever – RVF has now spread into Kenya’s central province and killed a patient who was admitted at the Kenyatta National Hospital. The new deaths in NEP exclude the national toll at 148 announced by the Health ministry, Kenya.

Rift Valley fever is a toxic generalized febrile virus disease of humans and animals in South and East Africa, transmitted by a mosquito, and characterized by headache, photophobia, myalgia, and anorexia. In a small percentage of cases (< 2%) the illness can progress to hemorrhagic fever syndrome, meningo-encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), or affecting the eye. Patients who become ill usually experience fever, generalized weakness, back pain, dizziness, and weight loss at the onset of the illness. Typically, patients recover within 2-7 days after onset.

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Rift Valley Fever :: Rift Valley Fever Spreading In Kenya

Heavy flooding has provoked the spread of Rift Valley Fever from north-east Kenya to near Garissa in the north-west of the country, the World Health Organization warned.

More than 75 people have died in Kenya of a hemorrhagic fever called Rift Valley Fever over the past three weeks and another 183 are infected with it. The diseases’ victims are residents of either the Northeastern or Coast Province, which received uncharacteristically heavy rain in December that caused flooding and created a large breading ground for mosquitoes, which spread the fever’s virus from livestock to humans.

Rift Valley Fever occurs mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. The signs are flu-like symptoms which can lead to inflammation of the brain. There have been significant outbreaks since the disease was diagnosed in the 1930s, including in 1997 in the same region in Kenya when 170 people died.

The disease strikes livestock mainly but can be passed to humans by mosquito bites or as a result of contact with blood or other body fluids. Livestock workers and vets are most at risk from the disease. A team of health experts has been sent to the region.

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