According to report published by International Diabetes Federation (IDF) (the 6th edition of IDF Atlas published in November, 2013) the number of diabetic patients is about 65 million in the country. The data available from the Indian Council of Medical Research, India Diabetes (INDIAB) Study estimates the number to be 62.4 million approximately.
Government of India launched National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) in July, 2010 with the aim to prevent and control these diseases thorough awareness generation, behaviour and life-style changes, early diagnosis of persons with high levels of risk factors. During the 11th Five year Plan, the focus was on 100 districts in 21 States for prevention & control of Cancer, Cardiovascular Diseases, Diabetes and Stroke.
In the 12th Five Year Plan, the programme has been expanded to all the States in the country.
As on 31st January 2014, a total number of 5.52 crore persons have been screened for Diabetes out of which 6.11% are found suspected for Diabetes.
While Health is a State subject, the Central Government supplements the efforts of the State Governments for improving healthcare. Facilities including those for testing and treatment for Diabetes are provided in various Government Institutions.
In addition, under NPCDCS, diagnosis and treatment facilities are provided through different levels of healthcare including NCD Clinics located in District Hospitals and Community Health Centres (CHCs).